Here is a question that regularly appears on petanque forums.
Our team did this. Then the opposing team did that. So the situation on the ground was such-and-such. Who should measure?
Here is what the FIPJP rules say.
Article 25 – Measuring of points
The measurement of a point is the responsibility of the player who last played or one of his teammates. The opponents always have the right to measure after one of these players.
You might think that this rule is merely a convenience rule, like “In this country we drive on the right (or left) side of the road.” But there is more going on here than mere convenience.
Note the wording of the first sentence… “measurement of a point is the responsibility of the player…” Measurement is something that a team does not want to do. That’s because it is risky. If, while measuring, a player accidentally moves a ball or the jack, that creates a problematic situation. Also, there are penalties.
The point is lost by a team if one of its players, while making a measurement, moves [displaces] the jack or one of the contested boules.
Teams therefore try to avoid measuring. In an umpired game, they will ask an umpire to measure. But in a game where no umpire is available, Article 25 requires the team that played last to make the measurement.
Note that there are three different reasons for measuring— tactical, practical, and scoring.
Scoring measurement is measurement that is done during the agreement of points. It is done after all the boules have been thrown, and its purpose is to determine which team won the mène, and to determine how many points that team scored.
Practical measurement is measurement that is done while both teams still have boules to play. You might say that its purpose is to determine which team has the point. But it is more accurate to say that its purpose is to determine which team will throw next. (After one team has thrown all its boules, there is no need for practical measurement. We know that the opposing team throws next, regardless of which team has the point.)
Tactical measurement is measurement that is done while at least one team still has boules left to play. Its purpose is to help one team— the team that is about to throw the next boule— to decide what their tactics should be. In tactical measurement, the question to be answered is often— Which boule is the second-best boule? The third-best boule?
Article 25 should be invoked for scoring measurements and for practical measurements— that’s pretty clear. The thing that triggers questions about Article 25 is its applicability to tactical measurement. Here are two typical questions.
- There are boules on the ground. Team A throws and gains the point, so it is now Team B’s turn to throw. Team A has the best boule, but it’s hard to tell which team has the second-best boule. Team B wants to know if they have the second-best boule. If they do, then they will shoot; otherwise they will point. So Team B asks Team A to measure for second-best boule.
Team A, of course, doesn’t want to measure. So Team A wants to know if Article 25 really requires them to measure— to put themselves at risk— in order to help Team B make a tactical decision. (See THIS)
- Team B points a beautiful first boule. Team A throws all six of their boules, trying to beat it. After all of Team A’s boules have been thrown, it is not clear whether or not Team A’s last boule is holding the point. It is now Team B’s turn to throw. Team B wants to know if Team A has the point so they can decide whether to point or to shoot. So Team B asks Team A to measure for the point.
Again, Team A wants to know if Article 25 requires them to measure in order to help Team B make a tactical decision. (See THIS and THIS)
The answers to these questions are NO and NO. Article 25 is meant to be used for scoring measurements, or to decide which team will throw next. But in both of our two examples there is no question about which team will throw next. Therefore both of these situations involve tactical measurement, and the team that threw last is NOT required to make the measurement.
The bottom line
Article 25 does not apply to tactical measurement. No team is required to make tactical measurements for the opposing team.
Of course, a team is permitted to make tactical measurements for the opposing team. And if they are asked, they might be willing to do so out of friendship, courtesy, or sportsmanship. But it is probably better for all concerned if they refuse the request and remind the opposing team that Article 25 doesn’t apply to tactical measurement. There is no reason in the rules why the opposing team should not make their own tactical measurements.
There is one last issue about tactical measurement that is worth noting. Article 20 says—
Once the jack is thrown, each player has the maximum duration of one minute to play his boule. This short period of time starts from the moment that the previously played boule or jack stops or, if it is necessary to measure a point, from the moment the latter [the measurement] has been accomplished.
As Fredy Harke notes, it is generally accepted that this rule applies to practical measurement but not to tactical measurement. That is, the one-minute clock stops ticking for a practical measurement, and restarts at zero after the practical measurement has been made and it is clear which team throws next.
But the one-minute clock does not stop ticking while a team takes time to make a tactical measurement. Once it is clear which team throws next, that team has one minute to decide on its tactics and to throw its boule. If their decision-making process involves making tactical measurements, that’s fine… but the one-minute clock doesn’t stop while they do it.