Article 7 contains the rule about placing the circle – the circle is drawn or placed (a) on the assigned terrain (b) around the place X on the assigned terrain where the jack was located at the end of the previous mene.
Traditionally, if the jack is sitting on the terrain in location X and then hit and knocked out of the terrain, at the beginning of the next mene the circle is placed around location X, even if X was not marked. This rule is perfectly suited to playing in the traditional way, on an unbounded terrain. You can find the rule in Article 12.
Umpires generally operate on the principle that nothing can be restored to a location that wasn’t marked. They are also used to umpiring games played on bounded terrains, where it is relatively easy to see and remember the place where a hit jack crossed a boundary string. Umpires have therefore invented an unwritten rule to replace the traditional practice. The rule is—
If during the previous mene the jack was knocked out of the assigned terrain, the circle is placed on the assigned terrain as close as possible to the last place that the jack was still alive.
This means that if the jack died because it went out-of-bounds, the circle is placed on the assigned terrain as close as possible to the place that the jack crossed the dead-ball line. That is, it will be placed flush to, just inside, the dead-ball line. If the jack ended up alive on a neighboring terrain, then the circle is placed on the assigned terrain as close as possible to the jack’s final location on the neighboring terrain. In umpired play, this is how an umpire will rule.
Note that the jack can also die without ever leaving the assigned terrain.
- It can end up floating in a puddle of water.
- It can be hidden from view by a feature of the terrain.
- It can be hit to a location on the far side of a patch of dead ground.
- It can be hit and come to rest more than 20 meters, or less than 3 meters, from the circle.
In all of these cases, the jack hasn’t left the assigned terrain, so Article 7 applies. The circle is “drawn or placed around the place where [the jack] was located in the previous mene”. If, for example, the jack died because it was knocked back and came to rest 2 meters from the circle, then the circle is placed 2 meters from the circle’s previous location.
Even if the jack was on the assigned terrain when it died, other rules still apply. You still have to place the circle a meter away from any throwing obstacle. If the jack died because it ended up floating in a puddle, you don’t put the circle down in the puddle. The puddle is a throwing obstacle, so the circle is placed a meter away from the edge of the puddle. Similarly, if the jack ended up hidden under a pile of leaves, you don’t put the circle down on the pile of leaves.
 There is an interesting Youtube video where Pascal Milei shoots the jack out-of-bounds and you can see Marco Foyot placing the circle in the traditional way around location X. The umpire comes onto the terrain and corrects him. The umpire points Marco to the place at the foot of the lane where the jack went out-of-bounds, and shows him where to place the circle, close to the dead-ball line.
 Note that knocking the jack farther than 20 meters from the circle is usually possible only on an unbounded terrain, but theoretically it could be possible on a bounded terrain if the terrain was large enough.