Disqualifying a boule & excluding a player

[revised 2020-11-27]
One of the penalties described in Article 35 is “disqualification” of a boule.

Si l’un de ces joueurs a déjà un carton jaune il lui sera infligé la suppression d’une boule pour la mène en cours ou pour la mène suivante s’il n’a plus de boule à jouer.

Correct translation
If one of these players has already been given a yellow card, he will be penalized by disqualification of a boule during the mene in progress or for the following mene if he has no more boules to play.

Incorrect translation (See FIPJP English version, 2016 and 2020)
If one of these players has already been given a yellow card, they will be penalised by disqualification of the boule played or to be played.
[The expression “the boule played or to be played” was carried forward from the translation of the 2010 rules, where it was correct.]

What does it mean to “disqualify a boule”?

  • Disqualifying a boule that has already been played means declaring it to be dead and removing it from the terrain. Note that disqualifying an already-thrown boule does not include restoring to their original locations any balls (jack or boules) that the disqualified boule may have moved. They stay where they are.
     
  • Disqualifying a boule to be played in the future means reducing the number of boules that a penalized player will be allowed to play in the future.

Which boule is disqualified?

When an umpire disqualifies a boule, how does he decide whether to disqualify a boule that has already been played, or a boule to be played in the future? The answer is— It depends on the situation.

Disqualifying an already-played boule

When a boule has been thrown contrary to the rules it is clear that that boule is the one that should be disqualified. Suppose that Bob has already received one warning for a foot fault, and the umpire is watching him closely. When the umpire sees Bob foot-fault a second time, he shows Bob an orange card and disqualifies the boule that Bob just played.

Disqualifying a future boule

Suppose that Bob has already received one warning for a foot fault. When his team violates the 1-minute rule, the other players get warnings (yellow cards). But because this is Bob’s second offense, the umpire is going to show Bob an orange card and disqualify one of his boules. In this case, the umpire can’t point to a boule that Bob has just played and say “That is the boule to be disqualified.” What does the umpire do?

If Bob still has unplayed boules, the umpire reduces the number of boules that Bob, the penalized player, is allowed to play in the future. If Bob has two unplayed boules, he will be allowed to play only one of them.

If Bob has no unplayed boules, the umpire reduces the number of boules that Bob will be allowed to play in the next mene. In the next mene, if Bob would normally play two boules, he will be allowed to play only one.

In a competition, in theory, if Bob has no unplayed boules in the last mene of the game— in the first mene of the next game in the competition the number of boules that Bob will be allowed to play will be reduced by one.

Excluding a player

An umpire also has the option of excluding a player from the rest of the game. The procedures for excluding a player are similar to the procedures for disqualifying a boule.

The umpire may exclude a specific player from the rest of the game, or may penalize a team by reducing the number of its players that may play during the remainder of the game. Note that if one of a team’s players is excluded, his place cannot be filled with the team’s alternate/substitute player. The team must soldier on with a reduced number of players and boules.

Closeup of a petanque boule disqualified in the previous mene.

Closeup of a petanque boule disqualified in the previous mene.


2 thoughts on “Disqualifying a boule & excluding a player

  1. You state, “Suppose, for instance, that a team has violated the 1-minute rule (for the second time). It must be punished by having one of its boules disqualified.” While this is correct, it might lead your reader to infer that violating the one minute rule would only lead to disqualification of a boule if it happened twice. In reality, violation of the one minute rule calls for the disqualification of a boule the first time it happens if any player on the offending team has previously been issued a warning (yellow card) for any offense– not just an offense related to slow play.

  2. The new rule relating to a ”Team warning” has generated a lot of comments and questions about how penalties will be applied. I think any confusion is, in part, due to the fact that the rules only explain an exception, Art 35.1 ”However, a yellow card for exceeding the time limit will be imposed on all the players of the offending team. If one of these players has already been given a yellow card, they will be penalised by disqualification of the boule played or to be played.”

    The problem is that penalties, individual and team, can occur in any permutation. It would be clearer to start with the simpler cases first, i.e. a team (which has no existing penalties) breaks the time limit twice in succession, before proceeding to other permutations, e.g.

    • a) the team breaks the time limit, then a player breaks an (individual) rule and
    • b) vice-versa, a player commits an individual fault, then the team breaks the time limit, etc.

    Perhaps a diagram or flowchart might help? NB These cases are all somewhat hypothetical, with multiple or repeated breaches of the rules. Hopefully in practice, that won’t occur too often.

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